Periodontal Maintenance

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities.

Many people are not aware of the importance of healthy gums. Your general health can be adversely affected by untreated periodontal/gum diseases. Treatment, when applied early enough not only saves your health, but also saves your teeth. It is a known fact that more people over the age of 35 lose teeth to periodontal/gum diseases than to dental decay. Even though it is easily preventable, practically three quarters of the adult population, at some time, experience periodontal/gum diseases. Treatment is vital; once it begins a vicious cycle is set in motion.

Some people are more genetically predisposed to acquiring periodontal/gum diseases than others. Such individuals must take extra care in preventing the formation of the environment that causes periodontal/gum diseases.

The Cause of Periodontal/Gum Diseases

Everyone has a mouth full of bacteria. Saliva generally washes it away on a continuous basis keeping harmful bacteria at a low level. When the level rises, a thin sticky film called plaque forms on the teeth and gums. Proper brushing and flossing remove most of the plaque. If it has the chance to buildup, it hardens into tartar, also called calculus. This hard porous substance gradually builds up pushing the gums away from the teeth forming food pockets. Gums become irritated and may turn red, get puffy and begin to bleed from time to time. At this point a professional cleaning to remove the tartar and plaque buildup may reverse the problem.

Left untreated, the disease progresses. The body’s own immune system kicks in to help fight off infection. Those chemicals along with the bacteria and other acids produce toxins that begin to affect the bone and supporting gum tissue. This can lead to loosening of the teeth and their eventual loss.

Periodontal/Gum Diseases Treatment

As always, prevention is the best route to follow, however, early intervention is the second best alternative, when necessary. Your case will be evaluated for the extent of periodontal/gum diseases. Treatment will depend on the pervasiveness of the problem. Once the initial treatment is completed, you will be re-evaluated. At that time the next steps will be determined. If necessary you may be referred to a periodontist, one who specializes in the treatment of gum disease. You may also be placed on a schedule for professional cleaning as part of the treatment to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Residents of Rosenberg, Richmond, Sugar Land, Katy and surrounding areas are invited to have their oral health evaluated by Dr. Osina. When it comes to periodontal/gum diseases, treatment is best when started early.